35 Botanical Giants: Record Holders in the Plant KingdomBiology
What species of plants are the tallest, the largest and the oldest? Let’s meet the record title holders in the plant kingdom.
Here are the largest species of plants in the world.
1.) Lindsey Creek Tree – World’s Largest Single Organism Ever
The California Redwood named Lindsey Creek Tree is the greatest botanical giant. It was the world’s largest single organism to have existed in history. It is also the world’s largest single-stem tree known to have existed. California Redwood is also known as Coast Redwood. This tree with an estimated mass of 3,630 tons or equivalent to 3.3 million kg was uprooted and fell in 1905 by a strong storm.
2.) Equisetum myriochaetum – World’s Largest Horsetail
To start with, these are not bamboos these are gigantic horsetails. Equisetum myriochaetum of central Mexico is the largest species of horsetail in the world. The biggest recorded specimen of this species was 8 meters in height and had a diameter of 2.5 cm.
3.) Cyathea brownii – World’s Largest Fern
This botanical giant is the record holder for the world’s largest fern with a height of 20 meters or more is the Cyathea brownii. It can be found in Norfolk Island.
4.) Quindio Wax Palm World’s Tallest Monocot
This botanical giant named Quindio Wax Palm (Ceroxylon quindiunse) is considered as the tallest monocot in the world.
5.) Rigidoporus ulmarius – World’s Largest Mushroom
The largest fungus in the world with a circumference of 4.9 meters and can weigh as much as 284 kg is the Rigidoporus ulmarius. This gigantic mushroom can grow up to 1.66 meters tall.
6.) Dawsonia superba – World’s Largest Moss
What species is the record holder for the tallest moss? Dawsonia superba which can grow up to 50 cm tall is the largest species of moss in the world. This gigantic moss can be found in New Zealand.
7.) Honey Fungus – World’s Largest Living Fungus
Honey Fungus (Armillaria ostoyae) isa botanical giant which is considered as the largest living fungus in the world. A mushroom of this type in the Malhueur National Forest in the Blue Mountains in Oregon, USA was found to be the largest fungal colony in the world, spanning 8.9 km2 of area. This organism is estimated to be 2400 years old. The total mass of the colony may be as much as 605 tons. If this colony is considered a single organism, then it is the largest known organism in the world by area.
8.) Giant Kelp – World’s Largest Form of Algae
This plant is a certified botanical giant as you can see on the above picture. Giant Kelps (Macrocystis pyrifera) of the Pacific Ocean are the largest form of algae. The record-sized stem from one of these just slightly exceeded 60 meters or equivalent to 200 ft.
9.) Schistochila appendiculata – World’s Largest Liverwort
The world’s largest species of liverwort is the Schistochila appendiculata. It can be found in New Zealand and can attain a size of up to 1.1 meters in length, a diameter of 2.5 cm and a stem 10 cm long.
10.) Hope’s Cycad – World’s Largest Cycad
Hope’s Cycad (Lepidozamia hopei), which can attain a height of over 17 meters and a diameter of more than 50 cm, is the largest species of cycad in the world.
11.) Posidonia oceanica – World’s Largest Organism
The giant marine plant Posidonia oceanica, of Mediterranean Sea, is the largest organism in the world in term of breadth. This flowering plant can reach a length of about 8 km. Posidonia oceanica, with an estimated age of 100,000 years, may also be the world’s oldest living organism. Although this plant has not been proven to be a single connected organism, all the samples do have the same DNA.
12.) Talipot Palm – World’s Largest Inflorescence
The Talipot Palm (Corypha umbraculifera) of India is the title holder for the largest inflorescence in the world. This unique plant’s flower can attain a length of up to 8 meters or 26.5 feet.
13.) Rafflesia arnoldii – World’s Largest Flower
The smelly and bizarre Rafflesia arnoldii which can be found in the Philippines and nearby countries is the record holder of the largest flower in the world. It is stem less and leafless as well and can attain a weight of 11 kg and a diameter of 1 meter.
14.) Titan Arum – World’s Largest Branchless Inflorescence
The stinky and giant flower of the Titan Arum (Amorphophallus titanum) which can reach 3 meters in height is the title holder of the largest branchless inflorescence.
15.) Jackfruit – World’s Largest Tree Born Fruit
The fragrant and delicious Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) is a botanical giant native to the Philippines and nearby countries. It can attain a weight of 36 and a length of 90 cm with 50 cm. Jack fruit is the largest tree born fruit in the world.
16.) Atlantic Giant Pumpkin – World’s Largest Fruits
Pumpkins and squash are the record holders for the largest fruits in the world, with specimens weighing almost 2,000 pounds. The largest pumpkins are Cucurbita maxima. The current world record weighs 1,725-pound or 782 kilograms. It is an Atlantic Giant Pumpkin.
17.) Giant Bamboo – World’s Tallest Grass
Bamboos are the world’s fastest growing woody plant. This amazing plant that can grow up to more than 60 cm in a day is the tallest grass in the world. Giant Bamboos are the largest members of the grass family. Bamboos can be found worldwide except in Antarctica but that are especially are abundant in tropical regions of the world.
18.) Regal Raffia Palm – World’s Largest Leaves
The Raffia Palms (are endemic to tropical regions of Africa, Central and South America. Raffia Palms grow up to 16 m tall and are remarkable for their compound pinnate leaves. The species with the longest leaves that can reach 25.1 meters in length is the Raffia regalis.
19.) Coco de Mer – World’s Largest Seed
The largest known seed in the world belongs to the Coco de Mer (Lodoicea maldivica). This palm is native to Seychelles, specifically on the islands of Curieuse and Praslin.Nothing can beat the record of this botanical giant.
20.) Eucalyptus regnans – World’s Tallest Flowering Plant
Eucalyptus regnans, a very tall tree of Australia, is the tallest flowering plant in the world. It can grow up to a height of 99.6 meters.
21.) Sunland Baobab – World’s Stoutest Tree
Sunland Baobab, an African Baobab (Adansonia digitata) located in Sunland Farm, Limpopo in South Africa is the stoutest tree in the world with a diameter of 10.64 meters and a circumference of 33.4 meters. This popular tourist attraction has a bar and a wine cellar inside its hollowed trunk. It is also the largest baobab in the world.
22.) Glencoe Baobab – Former World’s Stoutest Tree
The Glencoe Baobab in Limpopo, South Africa was the former world’s stoutest tree with a diameter of 15.9 meter but the tree split up in November 2009.
23) Arbol del Tule (Montezuma Cypress) – World’s Largest Tree by Circumference
The giant Montezuma Cypress (Taxodium mucronatum) is the tree with the largest circumference in the world.
Arbol del Tule – World’s Thickest Tree
It is named Arbol del Tule and it can be found in Mexico. It is the thickest recorded tree in the world with a circumference of 35.87 meters and a diameter of 11.42 meters at 1.5 meters above ground level.
24.) Pando – World’s Heaviest Organism
A male Aspen (Populus tremuloides) in Utah, USA named Pando is considered as the largest organism in the world. It is also regarded as the world’s largest flowering plant.
Pando is stands of trees connected to a single root system have an estimated weight of about 6,615 tons making it the heaviest organism in the world.
25.) Great Banyan – World’s Largest Banyan Tree
The Great Banyan, located in the Indian Botanical Gardens in India, was the widest tree in the world, in terms of the area of the canopy. This clonal colony is estimated to be about 250 years of age. At present, the Great banyan has 2,880 aerial roots reaching down to the ground and has a circumference of 1 km.
26.) Kannimari Teak – World’s Tallest Teak Tree
Kannimari Teak, a gigantic teak tree of India, is the tallest and oldest teak tree in the world. It can be found in Parambikulam Wild Life Sanctuary of Palghat, Kerala, India. This teak tree is 47.5 meters tall with a girth of 642 cm.
27.) World’s Largest Cashew Tree
The world’s largest Cashew Tree is “Maior cajueiro do mundo” which is also known as the Pirangi Cashew. This botanical giant is located in Pirangi Beach, Brazil. This unbelievably super large tree covers an area of about 8,500 meters, with a perimeter of approximately 500 meters. This amazing cashew tree produces about 80,000 cashews annually. The tree is 202 years of age and made it to the Guinness Book of Records as the largest Cashew Tree.
28.) General Sherman Tree – World’s Largest Single Stem Tree by Volume and Mass
This botanical giant is a Giant Sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) named General Sherman Tree. It is the record holder for the largest individual tree with a volume of 1,489 m3 and stands 83.8 meters in height. Its trunk alone is estimated to weigh more than 2,000 short tons.
29.) Hyperion – World’s Tallest Living Tree
This Coast Redwood tree named Hyperion in California, USA, is the record holder for the tallest known living known organism in the world with a confirmed measurement of 115.61 meters tall. The Hyperion is estimated to contain 502 m³ of wood and to be roughly 700 - 800 years old.
30.) Lost Monarch – World’s Largest Coast Redwood
This Coast Redwood named Lost Monarch is a giant tree found in Northern California, USA. With a diameter of 7.9 meters at DBH (diameter breast height, measured 1.4 meters above soil grade) and with a height of 98 meters, it is the world's largest Coast Redwood in terms of wood volume. The Lost Monarch is estimated to contain 1,200 m³ of wood.
31.) Stratosphere Giant – World’s Tallest Tree before the Discovery of Hyperion in 2006
Stratosphere Giant is a Coast Redwood tree with a height of 112.83 meters. This botanical giant is located in the Humboldt Redwood State Park in California, USA.
32.) Del Norte Titan – World’s 3rd Largest Coast Redwood
This Redwood tree named Del Norte Titan in California, USA with a diameter of 7.2 meters at DBH (diameter breast height, measured 1.4 meters above soil grade) and 94 meters in height is rank as the 3rd largest Coast Redwood in the world. This giant located in Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park, is estimated to contain 1,000 m3 of wood.
33.) Methuselah – World’s Oldest Tree
The verified oldest measured tree is the Great Basin Bristlecone Pine named Methuselah. Its confirmed age is 4,845 years. Alerce Fitzroya cupressoides is 2nd oldest with a verified age of 3,267 years.
34.) Sri Maha Bodhi Sacred Fig – World’s Oldest Tree Planted by Human
Sri Maha Bodhi Sacred Fig is a Ficus religiosa that can be found in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. It was planted in 288 BCE making it the oldest tree planted by human with a known planting date. This tree is also the world’s oldest angiosperm tree with a verified age of 2,298 years.
35) Centurion – World’s Tallest Swamp Gum
A Swamp Gum named Centurion is the largest Eucalyptus regnans in the world. This botanical giant is also the second highest tree species in the world after Coast Redwood. This species is also recognized as the highest angiosperm in world. Swamp Gums are native To Tasmania, Australia and they can grow up to 99.6 meters in height. The diameter of Centurion is 4.05 meters and its girth exceeds 12 meters.
Well, you’ve seen the largest in the plant kingdom. Now meet the smallest known tree…
Pygmy Pine – World’s Smallest Tree
The smallest known tree in the world is the Pygmy Pine (Lepidothamnus laxifolius). It is a species of conifer which is native to New Zealand. Its branches may be up to 5 mm in diameter and up to 1 meter long. It has red and fleshy fruits which are borne terminally on the horizontal branches. It is rarely bigger than a small low-growing shrub. It is also known as Mountain Rimu.