Facts About the "Turkey Poultry Farming"

Turkeys were originally from Mexico and eastern United States. It later got to Europe in the 20th Century.


Turkey is a common name for two American birds. Turkey is a large bird with its tarsus equipped with spurs and the tail feather usually sprayed out vertically like a colourful fan during courtship or aggressive actions. They build their nest with dried leaves and grasses in concealed places on the ground where mostly the hen laid their creamy white eggs with red-brown speckles in a clutch. Adult turkey’s head and neck are bare without feathers.

Heritage turkeys on flickr.com by ExperienceLA


The domesticated turkeys were all developed from the breed of the wild turkeys from the northern Mexico and the eastern United States. Turkeys were originally domesticated in Mexico and later exported to Europe in the 16th Century but somewhere along the years, the breed was extinguished by hunting activities. In the mid 20th Century, the wild turkeys somehow launched a come back and occupy its former ranges in Mexico and was also introduced to Hawaii and other parts of western United States. Since then, turkey farming has been on the increase and the most popular breeds in the United States are the Bronze, Narragansett, White Holland, and the Bourbon Red. Turkeys belong to the family Phasianidae of the order Galliformes. They are sometimes placed in a separate family, Meleagrididae. The wild turkey is classified as Meleagris gallopavo and the ocellated turkey as Agriocharis ocellata. Turkey farm has been developed extensively because of the excellent quality of their meat and eggs.

Wild turkey on flickr.com by Alan Vernon

The Farm

Turkeys were first grown on ranges but its vulnerability to diseases forced farmers to raise them on wire platforms called slats. The ranges were the most suitable and economical but in the early years of turkey farming, there were no much disease control techniques so they gave up the range. The wire platform or slat method made the business unprofitable to farmers because it was costly and labour inefficient so when controls were found for the diseases, they all returned to the use of ranges or large houses. After the disease control invention, the industry experienced a smart transformation and began to develop on a large scale. Between 1930s and 1940s turkey farming experienced a rapid growth and more people ventured into the business.

Turkeys on flickr.com by Hey Paul

Today, turkey eggs and meat is one of the most acceptable sources of protein and the industry keep growing as the population of the world keeps increasing. About 240 million turkeys are raised each year in the United States, with North Carolina, Minnesota, and California leading in production. Many other countries has also joined in the farming of turkey and turkey, its egg and meat are found everywhere in the world.

Picture in box by donjd2 on flickr.com


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