The Different Kinds of Organic Compounds
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The Different Kinds of Organic Compounds

There are different kinds of organic compounds; these are the carbohydrates, the fats and lipids, the proteins, the nucleic acid, and the vitamins.

There are different kinds of organic compounds; these are the carbohydrates, the fats and lipids, the proteins, the nucleic acid, and the vitamins.

The Carbohydrates are made up from the elements of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. These elements form the starch and sugar; the sugar is considered as the most abundant carbohydrates; these are classified as the monosaccharide, the disaccharide and the polysaccharide.

The monosaccharide is the simple sugars like the glucose and the fructose. The disaccharides are double-sugars like the sucrose and the lactose. The polysaccharides are the multiple sugars like the glycogen.

Carbohydrates can be found in many of the foods that we eat such as on the rice, on the potatoes, corns, avocado and so much more. This is one of the sources of energy and heat and also serves as fuel to keep our body going.


The Fats and lipids are also composed of the elements carbon, hydrogen and oxygen but unlike the carbohydrates they have lesser oxygen. The fats and lipids are made up from fatty acids and glycerol also called as the glycerin. They can be obtained from several sources such as the pork, the coconut and the peanuts. These organic compounds are very much convenient in storing the reserve energy in the body.

The proteins are organic compounds that are made from carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur and the phosphorus. These are kinds of large heavy and generally complex molecules of amino acids. These organic compounds are important to the body because they are responsible for repairing worn-out tissues; they also act as catalyst for a number of chemical reactions inside the body as well as they are also responsible for the contraction of the muscles. It is considered that all lives from unicellular to multi-cellular are all based on proteins.

The nucleic acids are organic compounds containing carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen and phosphorus. The nucleic acid has two classes; the RNA or the ribonucleic acid and the DNA or the deoxyribonucleic acid; considered as the main source of biological information; it is also responsible for the chemical properties of the genes which are considered as the units of heredity. The RNA serves as the chemical messenger between the DNA of the nucleus and the metabolic machinery in the cytoplasm.

The vitamins are organic compounds that can be obtained in the ordinary foods or diet. These compounds are necessary for the growth and development of tissues and prevent diseases. Vitamins are further classified into the water soluble and fat soluble vitamins.

Good and Bad Carbohydrates

As mentioned above, carbohydrates are very important to a child’s growth. And the story with carbs is rather confusing with all of the diets going around. Low carb, high carb, and no carbohydrate diets are all the rage in some circles.

This is enough to confuse anyone with all the differing news about health and diet. Carbohydrates are necessary for the brain to function, but there is a difference between carbohydrates.

As we age, bad carbs can cause us all to gain unhealthy fat and weight. Bad carbs are normally white refined flour, like white bread, donuts, white pasta and anything made with white refined flour.

White refined flour does not contain the nutrients or the fiber that whole carbohydrates do. Replace white refined products with whole grain products like brown rice, quinoa, and whole wheat pasta and limit the cakes, white bread and donuts in your diet.

When it comes to healthy eating and health, it is very important to know the difference good carbs and bad carbs. Knowing this can be the difference between losing weight or staying overweight.


Fats are also important, but there are differences with fat, just like with carbohydrates. Trans-fats and saturated are bad, monounsaturated fats are much healthier.

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