HereÂ’s a list of some of the most unusual and and some useful plants in the world.
There are million species of plants in the world. Through careful studies and researches, these plants were categorized according to family, genus and species. Plants provide a large percentage of the human and animal diet. Plants are also the main sources of raw materials. Here’s a list of some of the most unusual and useful plants in the world.
One of the most unusual plants in the world is the Monotropa hypopitys, commonly known as the Dutchman’s Pipe. It is also called Yellow Bird's-nest or Pinesap. This herbaceous perennial plant is endemic to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. This very scarce or rare plant does not contain chlorophyll. It gets its food through parasitism upon fungi instead of photosynthesis.
They do not need any sunlight thus making them capable of living in very dark conditions, such as the floor of deep forests.
We all know for a fact that plants have chlorophyll and produce the food or nutrients they need through a process called photosynthesis. Without which, it seem impossible for plant to survive. But there are few exceptional plants that do so such as the Indian Pipe.
It is a plant without chlorophyll but it survived. Indian Pipe is scientifically named Monotropa uniflora and is also commonly known as Ghost Plant and Corpse Plant. This unique plant is a very rare species that can be found in temperate areas of Asia, North America and South America.
This plant with beautiful flowers is edible but not all the time. Bitterroot or Lewisia rediviva is a unique plant that grows in mountainous regions of western US and Canada. The plant’s root is edible in spring but becomes bitter in the summer. It is the state flower of Montana, United States.
Bleeding Heart Blossoms
Roses and Tulips are certainly beautiful but Bleeding Heart Blossoms are pretty and unique as well. Bleeding Heart Blossoms, known scientifically as Lamprocapnos spectabilis, is one of the most beautiful flowering plant in the world. This showy plant bears brightly colored flower clusters that droop gracefully. Each blossom resembles a hanging heart. A mature blossom has a spur beneath the hearth that somewhat resembles a drop of blood.
This popular ornamental plant for flower gardens in temperate climates is also commonly known as Old-fashioned Bleeding-heart, Venus’ Car, Lady in a Bath, Dutchman’s Trousers and Lyre-flower. This plant, which is endemic to Eastern Asia, is also used in floristry as a cut flower.
Mignorette plants are cultivated for their oil which is used in making perfumes. Mignonette flowers are extremely fragrant and are grown for the sweet ambrosial scent of their flowers. They are used in flower arrangements, perfumes and potpourri.
A well known species of Reseda is Reseda alba which is commonly known as
White Mignonette or White Upright Mignonette.
This lovely-looking plant is also cultivated as an ornamental for its spike-like racemes of fragrant white flowers.
Another notable Reseda species is the Reseda lutea which is commonly known as Wild Mignorette, a species of fragrant herbaceous plant.
The roots of the attractive-looking Wild Mignonette have been used to make a yellow dye called “weld” since the first millennium BCE.
A more popular species of Reseda is the Reseda luteola or Dyer’s Rocket.
Other common names of this unique plant include Dyer’s Weed, Weld, Woold, and Yellow Weed. It is endemic to Eurasia and was introduced in North America. It was the most widely used source of the natural dye because it is rich in luteolin, a flavonoid which produces a bright yellow dye. France exported large quantities of weld.
Perhaps the most popular species of Reseda or Mignorette is the Reseda odorata which is commonly known by a variety of common names Garden Mignonette and Common Mignonette.
It has long been kept as an ornamental plant for its fragrant flowers. The essential oil of which has been used in perfumes.
Senega Snakeroot or Polygala senega is a milkwort found in New England that bears small whitish flowers. The dried roots of this plant yield a substance used medicinally to treat snake bites. Senega contains an active ingredient called saponin. Senega is used chiefly as a stimulating expectorant in chronic bronchitis and is occasionally used as a diuretic in renal dropsy.